Part 5 : A walk through Internet of Things (IoT) basics.


Topic Covered :

  • IoT applications.

As, we have understood the Internet of Things and its features, let’s see how is IoT applicable in our day to day lives.

The figure below, depicts various application fields of IoT in our daily lives.

IoT in every aspects of our lives.
IoT in every aspects of our lives.

From the figure, we can clearly see that IoT influences every aspect of our lives, starting form home to transport to medicine !!

Let’s have a look, how IoT is doing that :

Home : With the use IoT network protocols, devices in the home are connected to the home network and are accessible directly, over the home network, and even remotely from across the world. These connected home devices are able to coordinate energy usage, consumer convenience, and possibly accurately and consistently anticipate the needs of the people who dwell in the homes.Mobile apps controlled thermostats and lighting solutions can already be found on retail store shelves. There is also a noticeable range of safety devices, which include remote system failure indicators, virtual tracking etc. The technology is also being extended to all other home use gadgets and devices.

Some of the IoT smart home applications are :

  • Home security – Access control
  • Lighting control
  • Home health care
  • Fire detection – Leak detection
  • Energy efficiency
  • Solar panel monitoring and control
  • Temperature monitoring and HVAC control
  • Automated meter reading
Smart Home - IoT Application
Smart Home – IoT Application
Use of IoT in every aspects of Smart Home
Use of IoT in every aspects of Smart Home

Healthcare :

Clinical Care : IoT-driven, monitoring systems are used for hospitalized patients whose physiological status requires constant close attention. These monitoring systems employ sensors to collect physiological information which is analyzed and stored using gateways and the cloud. This information is then sent wirelessly to caregivers for further analysis and review. It provides a continuous automated flow of information. Thus, the quality of care is improved through constant attention which in turn lowers the cost of care.

IoT in Clinical Care
IoT in Clinical Care

Remote monitoring : Due to the lack of immediate access to effective health monitoring systems, many lives are suffer risks. Small, powerful, wireless solutions connected through the IoT are making it possible for remote monitoring of those patients who require immediate attention. Patient’s health data are captured through various sensors and are analyzed and sent to the medical professional for proper medical assistance remotely.

Sensors connected on a patient for Remote Health Monitoring
Sensors connected on a patient for Remote Health Monitoring
IoT in Remote Health Monitoring
IoT in Remote Health Monitoring

Smart Energy :

IoT solutions are use in Energy sectors for efficient and smart utilization of energy.

Smart grid : “A smart grid is a modernized electrical grid that uses analog or digital information and communications technology to gather and act on information – such as information about the behaviors of suppliers and consumers – in an automated fashion to improve the efficiency, reliability, economics, and sustainability of the production and distribution of electricity.” – Wikipedia.

Smart meter : “A smart meter is usually an electronic device that records consumption of electric energy in intervals of an hour or less and communicates that information at least daily back to the utility for monitoring and billing. Smart meters enable two-way communication between the meter and the central system. Unlike home energy monitors, smart meters can gather data for remote reporting.” – Wikipedia.

With Smart Energy Metering, not only do technicians not have to come and physically read your meter, you have access personally to your energy usage so you can see what impact your consumption patterns have on your wallet and on the environment.

Reasons for smart grid :

  • Stopping power threat.
  • Higher quality/reliability of power, fewer blackouts.
  • Efficient energy utilization.
  • Smart grid is required for renewable power.
From conventional grid to Smart Grid
From conventional grid to Smart Grid

Connected Cars : A very useful implementation of IoT is the introduction of connected cars. The cars have sensors attached to them which help them analyze the traffic of the road, keeps them updated about the road condition and also keeps them connected with the road control center for further assistance. There are on-board diagnostic systems that alert you about almost everything in the car, from faulty lights to tire pressure.

Connected Car
Connected Car

Environment : Another significant implementation of IoT is in the field of environmental care. Global warming being an issue, IoT is being used to tackle this critical problem. Also, IoT allows quicker notification of natural disaster, thus saving crucial time. It also promotes better analysis and reporting. Also this technology helps in pollution and waste management using warning sensor.

Smart Waste Management
Smart Waste Management

Cities :

As it is with homes, our cities are also benefiting from this technology (IoT). The most clear examples are driving convenience (real time traffic tracking and parking information) and electricity optimization (using resources like lightning as per weather conditions and automated malfunction reporting). All major cities of the world are welcoming IoT based solutions.

Smart City with IoT
Smart City with IoT

Business :

With the growth of IoT, business models are hugely innovated. It has become much easier to manage multiple location and keep a close quality check. More customers can be reached all at once and hence a greatr growth of the business.

IoT in Business
IoT in Business

Government :

With the help of connected government, government sectors can keep a track of its local governing bodies like municipal corporation. It can also keep a track of its employee productivity. Common people can request their needs and government can deliver the service quickly. Also, with the massive amount of data collected from IoT sensors, it can lead to new innovations. And not to forget, citizens can also gain a knowledge about the working of their respective government.

IoT and Government
IoT and Government

Agriculture :

The agricultural sector is not behind in IoT applications. Infact, it is doing more innovation with IoT.

IoT strategy is being utilized in agricultural industry and it is a huge success in terms of productivity, pest control, water conservation and continuous production based on improved technology and methods.

Some influences of IoT in agriculture:

  • Crop monitoring : Sensors can be used to monitor crops and health of plants with the help of data collected. Sensors can also be used for early monitoring of pests and disease.
  • Food safety : The whole supply chain – the farm, logistics and retails are all getting connected. Farm products can be connected with RFID tags – increasing customer confidence.
  • Climate monitoring : Sensors can be used to monitor temperature, humidity, light intensity and soil moisture. These data can be send to the central system to trigger alerts and automate water , air and crop control.
  • Logistics monitoring : Location based sensors can be used to track vegetables and other farm products during transport and storage. This enhances scheduling and automates supply chain.
  • Livestock farming monitoring : The monitoring of farm animals can be monitored via sensors to detect potential signs of disease. These data can be analyzed from the central system and relevant information can be sent to the farmers.
IoT in Agriculture
IoT in Agriculture

And the list of IoT application continues.

Let’s have a look at Libelium’s smart world info-graphic to see the vast application of IoT.

Numerous IoT Applications
Numerous IoT Applications

That’s all for this article. Hope you enjoyed reading !!

Thanks for visiting 🙂

Up Next – Part 6 : A walk through Internet of Things (IoT) basics.

Stay tuned !!

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