IoT Security Event 2015

Internet of Things Security is the first event of its kind to focus on the key security and privacy issues surrounding IoT and to address the most crucial challenges that inevitably arise from managing the data associated with the ever increasing amount of connected devices and appliances.

Bring together 250+ senior decision makers, influencers, buyers, stakeholders and security experts under one roof, Internet of Things Security is a must attend event for any business wishing to break into this market or sustain their position as a leader in this rapidly expanding sector.

With only 2 days left for the event to happen, here is a complete list of the agenda.

A summary of the topics that would be covered are :

  • Creating solutions that better prepare for future threats and risks
  • Security standards
  • Sustainable frameworks for governing consumer protection
    building safer, more secure, smarter cities
  • Smarter cybersecurity
  • Security in healthcare and wearables
  • IoT security & privacy in consumer electronics
  • Security in the chip/device/network/cloud
  • Overcoming key security concerns in the smart home
  • Hacking IoT

Sounds amazing!!!! …..isn’t it!!

You should definitely go and purchase your pass. Here are the top notch reasons why you should purchase your pass today.

  • With even more speakers added to the line-up this week including the FBI, City of New York, ZingBox, Online Trust Alliance plus many more, no other event provides a more in depth look at a range of security and privacy challenges facing the industry right now.
  • With so much development taking place with regards to IoT Security, ensure that your company stays up to date with the latest news and innovations taking place. With attendees registered from the likes of Ericsson, Verizon, Hitachi, Intel, US Department of Defense, AT&T, IBM, SAP, Dell, Alcatel Lucent, Orange, Thales, Honeywell plus many more, meet key representatives from these businesses face to face.

Register here to attend this first of its kind event.

If you are a STARTUP and looking for an opportunity to showcase your idea then this is the best possible opportunity to exhibit your creation.

If your company is has fewer than 15 employees and has been trading for less than 3 years, you may qualify for a limited-availability Startup Pack. The package includes:

  • 2 x Gold Conference Passes to attend the event
  • A table top area within the Start-Up Zone
  • Pre-show online branding

The best reasons why you should consider this event for your startup :

With decision makers present and dedicated to security, IoT Security is guaranteed to provide a heavy buyer audience for lead generation.

Our audience want to see, try and test the latest IoT products and services. Utilize the event to promote all that your company has to offer and meet customers face to face.

IoT Security allows your company to be positioned as an IoT innovator and gain an advantage over your competitors.

IoT Security offers more than just showing off your business. Make full use of the event and network with your industry peers and build long lasting relations with new and existing customers and partners.

Exhibiting or sponsoring an event doesn’t always have to be about immediate sales generation. Use it to build up your brand recognition and increase your exposure to a targeted market.

Wanting to break into the IoT security market? No other event provides more senior level IoT security professionals under one roof. Use the event to launch a new product or service or just meet customers face to face for quality conversations.

Register here for a startup pack.

Also there is going to be a post event workshop. Find out the details here.

I am really excited about this event and am looking forward to see you all at the event!!


Internet of Things World, Europe.

Internet of Things World, Europe – Creating Partnerships and Developing Ecosystems to Monetize the IoT Service Vision

Internet of Things – yet another revolution. This is bigger than the industrial revolution !!

This new buzz word is everywhere nowadays. This new technology is stepping into our lives at a fast pace. This technology, today, has more or less become a part and parcel of our lives.

Starting from our homes to the medical care centers to the city and eventually the whole world – this technology is gaining popular access at a rapid rate.

With the passing time – this young technology has become more than the buzz word. It has grown to an extent – much more than we can think it is.

With over 50 billion devices getting connected to the internet by 2020 – as predicted by some of the big IoT giants, each and every devices of the world is going to get connected. The world is going to get much smaller. Even we, the human beings are going to get connected.

Imagine the day, when each and every devices that we use in our day to day lives is having an individual online identity of its own – the day when each of these devices has their own facebook and twitter account – the facebook of things – the twitter of things – it’s surprising as well as amazing right ?

Even government sectors are finding it beneficial to use this technology and hence embracing this technology !!

To take forward this revolution and to gain the insights of some of the world’s learned professionals Informa PLC is organizing “Internet of Things World Europe“. This event is a part of the “Internet of Things World” event series.

Following the huge success of the world’s largest IoT event, Internet of Things World in San Francisco, Internet of Things World Europe is THE premier IoT event in Europe to address the huge commercial and business opportunities from IoT & to tackle some of the obstacles hindering development moving forward.

This event is a huge platform to learn about this NEW technology and also for networking. This event is also providing a platform for startups to exhibit there product.

So, gear up friends and be a part of this huge event.

Click on this link to see the list of speakers for this event.

Here is the attached IoT-World-Europe-Brochure

For more details, visit IoT World Europe website and also for more information on how to be a part of this event !!

Stay tuned !! More information coming up soon 🙂

Part 6 : A walk through Internet of Things (IoT) basics.

Topic Covered :

  • Our future with IoT.

Before we know, how our future with IoT  is going to be – let’s have an understanding about the growth in technology with this technology road map.

IoT Technology Roadmap
IoT Technology Roadmap

From this graph we can see the massive advancement in technology since the year 2000 till date and still more to go in future.

Back in 2000 we had RFID tags for identifying objects and facilitating routing. Then came surveillance, security, healthcare, transport management. We are now living at a time where we can locate people and everyday objects. And in the near future we are about to experience the essence of teleoperation and telepresence !!

That is how lives are going to be. With the rapid advancement in technology we can take care of our near and dear ones, our possessions even from another corner of the world. Everything is going to get connected !!

Let’s look at this graph below for an explosion of connected possibility and hence a number of new job openings !

IoT - Explosion of Connected Possibility
IoT – Explosion of Connected Possibility

The number of devices that are going to be connected are so many hence leading to new job and research scopes.

Let’s look at some of major IoT giants 2020 predictions :

  • By 2020, 20% of the computers will learn not only to process but also work and manage things like humans.
  • By 2017, 65% of data center capacity will be private.
  • Companies will compete across industry borders – which means, companies are going to compete with their rivals outside industries as well.
  • By 2020, around 50 billion devices are going to be connected.
  • Supply chain will be revolutionized by 3D printing.

We have seen the economic impact from Part 1 of this series itself. To have a look click here.

Let’s watch this video from IoT Asia to see how IoT is enhancing our lives.

Hence, we can see that IoT has enormous potential and is going to influence us a lot in the near future.

That’s all for this series. Hope, this series was helpful and you enjoyed reading !!

Thanks for visiting 🙂

Stay tuned for more interesting articles on IoT !!

Part 5 : A walk through Internet of Things (IoT) basics.

Topic Covered :

  • IoT applications.

As, we have understood the Internet of Things and its features, let’s see how is IoT applicable in our day to day lives.

The figure below, depicts various application fields of IoT in our daily lives.

IoT in every aspects of our lives.
IoT in every aspects of our lives.

From the figure, we can clearly see that IoT influences every aspect of our lives, starting form home to transport to medicine !!

Let’s have a look, how IoT is doing that :

Home : With the use IoT network protocols, devices in the home are connected to the home network and are accessible directly, over the home network, and even remotely from across the world. These connected home devices are able to coordinate energy usage, consumer convenience, and possibly accurately and consistently anticipate the needs of the people who dwell in the homes.Mobile apps controlled thermostats and lighting solutions can already be found on retail store shelves. There is also a noticeable range of safety devices, which include remote system failure indicators, virtual tracking etc. The technology is also being extended to all other home use gadgets and devices.

Some of the IoT smart home applications are :

  • Home security – Access control
  • Lighting control
  • Home health care
  • Fire detection – Leak detection
  • Energy efficiency
  • Solar panel monitoring and control
  • Temperature monitoring and HVAC control
  • Automated meter reading
Smart Home - IoT Application
Smart Home – IoT Application
Use of IoT in every aspects of Smart Home
Use of IoT in every aspects of Smart Home

Healthcare :

Clinical Care : IoT-driven, monitoring systems are used for hospitalized patients whose physiological status requires constant close attention. These monitoring systems employ sensors to collect physiological information which is analyzed and stored using gateways and the cloud. This information is then sent wirelessly to caregivers for further analysis and review. It provides a continuous automated flow of information. Thus, the quality of care is improved through constant attention which in turn lowers the cost of care.

IoT in Clinical Care
IoT in Clinical Care

Remote monitoring : Due to the lack of immediate access to effective health monitoring systems, many lives are suffer risks. Small, powerful, wireless solutions connected through the IoT are making it possible for remote monitoring of those patients who require immediate attention. Patient’s health data are captured through various sensors and are analyzed and sent to the medical professional for proper medical assistance remotely.

Sensors connected on a patient for Remote Health Monitoring
Sensors connected on a patient for Remote Health Monitoring
IoT in Remote Health Monitoring
IoT in Remote Health Monitoring

Smart Energy :

IoT solutions are use in Energy sectors for efficient and smart utilization of energy.

Smart grid : “A smart grid is a modernized electrical grid that uses analog or digital information and communications technology to gather and act on information – such as information about the behaviors of suppliers and consumers – in an automated fashion to improve the efficiency, reliability, economics, and sustainability of the production and distribution of electricity.” – Wikipedia.

Smart meter : “A smart meter is usually an electronic device that records consumption of electric energy in intervals of an hour or less and communicates that information at least daily back to the utility for monitoring and billing. Smart meters enable two-way communication between the meter and the central system. Unlike home energy monitors, smart meters can gather data for remote reporting.” – Wikipedia.

With Smart Energy Metering, not only do technicians not have to come and physically read your meter, you have access personally to your energy usage so you can see what impact your consumption patterns have on your wallet and on the environment.

Reasons for smart grid :

  • Stopping power threat.
  • Higher quality/reliability of power, fewer blackouts.
  • Efficient energy utilization.
  • Smart grid is required for renewable power.
From conventional grid to Smart Grid
From conventional grid to Smart Grid

Connected Cars : A very useful implementation of IoT is the introduction of connected cars. The cars have sensors attached to them which help them analyze the traffic of the road, keeps them updated about the road condition and also keeps them connected with the road control center for further assistance. There are on-board diagnostic systems that alert you about almost everything in the car, from faulty lights to tire pressure.

Connected Car
Connected Car

Environment : Another significant implementation of IoT is in the field of environmental care. Global warming being an issue, IoT is being used to tackle this critical problem. Also, IoT allows quicker notification of natural disaster, thus saving crucial time. It also promotes better analysis and reporting. Also this technology helps in pollution and waste management using warning sensor.

Smart Waste Management
Smart Waste Management

Cities :

As it is with homes, our cities are also benefiting from this technology (IoT). The most clear examples are driving convenience (real time traffic tracking and parking information) and electricity optimization (using resources like lightning as per weather conditions and automated malfunction reporting). All major cities of the world are welcoming IoT based solutions.

Smart City with IoT
Smart City with IoT

Business :

With the growth of IoT, business models are hugely innovated. It has become much easier to manage multiple location and keep a close quality check. More customers can be reached all at once and hence a greatr growth of the business.

IoT in Business
IoT in Business

Government :

With the help of connected government, government sectors can keep a track of its local governing bodies like municipal corporation. It can also keep a track of its employee productivity. Common people can request their needs and government can deliver the service quickly. Also, with the massive amount of data collected from IoT sensors, it can lead to new innovations. And not to forget, citizens can also gain a knowledge about the working of their respective government.

IoT and Government
IoT and Government

Agriculture :

The agricultural sector is not behind in IoT applications. Infact, it is doing more innovation with IoT.

IoT strategy is being utilized in agricultural industry and it is a huge success in terms of productivity, pest control, water conservation and continuous production based on improved technology and methods.

Some influences of IoT in agriculture:

  • Crop monitoring : Sensors can be used to monitor crops and health of plants with the help of data collected. Sensors can also be used for early monitoring of pests and disease.
  • Food safety : The whole supply chain – the farm, logistics and retails are all getting connected. Farm products can be connected with RFID tags – increasing customer confidence.
  • Climate monitoring : Sensors can be used to monitor temperature, humidity, light intensity and soil moisture. These data can be send to the central system to trigger alerts and automate water , air and crop control.
  • Logistics monitoring : Location based sensors can be used to track vegetables and other farm products during transport and storage. This enhances scheduling and automates supply chain.
  • Livestock farming monitoring : The monitoring of farm animals can be monitored via sensors to detect potential signs of disease. These data can be analyzed from the central system and relevant information can be sent to the farmers.
IoT in Agriculture
IoT in Agriculture

And the list of IoT application continues.

Let’s have a look at Libelium’s smart world info-graphic to see the vast application of IoT.

Numerous IoT Applications
Numerous IoT Applications

That’s all for this article. Hope you enjoyed reading !!

Thanks for visiting 🙂

Up Next – Part 6 : A walk through Internet of Things (IoT) basics.

Stay tuned !!

Part 4 : A walk through Internet of Things (IoT) basics.

Topics covered :

  • IoT – Network Protocols
  • IoT Network Architecture


To understand IoT Networks let’s have a look into this picture.

IoT Network
IoT Network

In IoT network some of the technologies that rules are :

WPAN (Wireless Personal Area Network) which include networks like Zigbee, Bluetooth, 6LowPAN etc.

On a slightly larger wireless network area scale, WLAN (Wireless Local Area Network) which includes Wi-Fi is to be used.

On a larger scale, the mobile communication technologies like 2G, 3G,4G, LTE remains. Smartphones and mobile communication system will be used and they will connect to the base stations and base stations will provide connectivity to the Wide Area Network (WAN) which is the Internet.

Considering this, we can think of many other options –

Smartphones are equipped with bluetooth and wi-fi, therefore we can think of an IoT network. The most common topology control is the WPAN which is bluetooth or NFC(Near Feild Communication). The WPAN are connected to a smartphone and the smartphone can bring the signal up through 3G,4G,LTE through the base station and the base station will connect that to the WAN.

Therefore we get a technology linking on another technology.

Wearable IoT Networks :

This is a technology where the above explanation is brought to reality.

  • Wearable devices (e.g., shoes,watch, glasses, belt, etc.) can be used to detect biometric information.
  • Smart device collects the information and communicates with control center and/or medical server through the Internet.
Wearable IoT Networks
Wearable IoT Networks

Wi-Fi :

  • Wi-Fi is a WLAN (Wireless Local Area Network) technology based on the IEEE 802.11 standards.
  • Wi-Fi Devices :
  • Smartphones, Smart Devices, Laptop Computers, PC, etc.
  • Applications Areas :
  • Home, School, Computer Laboratory, Office Building, etc.
  • Wi-Fi devices and APs (Access Points) have a wireless communication range of about 30 meters indoors.
  • Wi-Fi data rate is based on its protocol type :
  • IEEE 802.11a can achieve up to 54 Mbps
  • IEEE 802.11b can achieve up to 11 Mbps
  • IEEE 802.11g can achieve up to 54 Mbps
  • IEEE 802.11n can achieve up to 150 Mbps
  • IEEE 802.11ac can achieve up to 866.7 Mbps
  • IEEE 802.11ad can achieve up to 7 Gbps
Wi-Fi IoT Networks.
Wi-Fi IoT Networks.

Bluetooth :

  • Bluetooth is a WPAN (Wireless Personal Area Network) protocol designed by the Bluetooth SIG (Special Interest Group)
  • Replaces cables connecting many different types of devices
  • Mobile Phones & Headsets
  • Heart Monitors & Medical Equipment
  • Bluetooth’s standard PAN range is usually 10 meters (50 m in Bluetooth 4.0)
  • Bluetooth Low Energy (in Bluetooth 4.0) provides reduced power consumption and cost while maintaining a similar communication range.
  • Bluetooth 2.0 + EDR can achieve up to 2.1 Mbps
  • Bluetooth 3.0 + HS can achieve up to 24 Mbps
  • Bluetooth 4.0 can achieve up to 25 Mbps
Bluetooth IoT Network
Bluetooth IoT Network

IEEE 802.15.4 Standard :

  • Low-cost, low-speed, low-power WPAN (Wireless Personal Area Network) protocol.
  • IEEE 802.15.4 applications
  • ZigBee, 6LoWPAN (IPv6 over Low power Wireless Personal Area Networks), WirelessHART (Highway Addressable Remote Transducer), RF4CE (Radio Frequency for Consumer Electronics), MiWi (Microchip Wireless Protocol), and ISA100.11a
IEEE 802.15.4 and Zigbee layer in OSI Model.
IEEE 802.15.4 and Zigbee layer in OSI Model.

ZigBee :

  • Supported by the ZigBee Alliance
  • Provides IEEE 802.15.4 higher layer protocols required for low powered radio system.
  • IEEE 802.15.4 defines the physical and MAC layers.
  • ZigBee provides the application and network layer protocols.
  • ZigBee works well in isolated network environments.
Zigbee Network
Zigbee Network

Zigbee network is made up of Coordinator (C) which is required to establish a network connection. ‘C’ establishes PAN, router (R) which provide the network connection to the end devices and End Device (E) which are the IoT devices connected to the network.

6LoWPAN (IPv6 over Low power Wireless Personal Area Networks) :

  • Supports IPv6 packets over IEEE 802.15.4 WPANs
  • Enables IPv6 IoT wireless network support
  • Low power design aspect included.
  • Good for battery operated IoT devices
  • 6LoWPAN is an IETF (Internet Engineering Task Force) standard that uses the IEEE 802.15.4 WPAN technology.

In the 6LoWPAN node, Bluetooth Smart devices can connect to the internet over Bluetooth Smart using a border router. The border router acts as a device that is connected to the internet and provides access for the nodes to the internet.

Z- Wave :

The Z-Wave protocol is an interoperable, wireless,  RF-based communications technology designed specifically for control, monitoring and status reading applications in residential and light commercial environments.

  • Low Powered RF communications technology that supports full mesh networks without the need for a coordinator node.
  • Operates in the sub-1GHz band; impervious to interference from Wi-Fi and other wireless technologies in the 2.4-GHz range (Bluetooth, ZigBee, etc.).
  • Designed specifically for control and status apps, supports data rates of up to 100kbps, with AES128 encryption, IPV6, and multi-channel operation.
Z - wave applications.
Z – wave applications.


  • Data networking protocol.
  • Incorporated under the architecture of TCP/IP protocol.
  • UDP is robust and that is why TCP/IP has mainly standardized UDP for real-time data transfer.
IoT Network Layers of OSI model
IoT Network Layers of OSI model

In the diagram below, we get a clear differentiation of IP Suite and IP Smart Object (IoT) suite.



Autonomous Network Architecture :

  • Autonomous networks are not connected to the public networks. However, it does not mean that the Internet access is forbidden. It is possible via gateway if required.
  • While designing autonomous networks, though not mandatory, IP protocol suite is still commonly adopted sue to its scalability and flexibility.
  • The large address capacity provided by IPv6 is required in most cases.

Example : Autonomous information collected by the parking sensor due to the occupancy of parking slots in a wireless manner and sent to the control center.

Autonomous Network Architecture
Autonomous Network Architecture

Ubiquitous Network Architecture :

  • Smart objects or ‘things’ network are a part of the Internet.
  • Through the Internet gateway, authorized users will have access to the information provided by smart objects networks either directly fetching from the device or by means of intermediate servers.
  • The servers acts as a sink to collect data from each objects.
  • Features :
  • Multitier – The network architecture is hierarchical, comprising both multi-access networks and wireless multi-hop networks.
  • Multiradio – It is uncommon nowadays to have a number of radio access technologies available to connect to the Internet, either covering the same or complimenting geographical areas. These networks could be WLAN, WiMAX, macro-cellular, femto-cellular or even ad-hoc. The synergy and integration of different networks in multi-access and multi-operator environment introduces new opportunities for better communication channels and an enhanced quality of provided applications and services.

Examples : Structural Health Monitoring – monitoring the health of any structures small or big like building, bridges etc. Passive wireless sensors are embedded within a concrete structure which sends radio signals of suitable amplitude and phase characteristics periodically using radio frequencies. The data collected from these sensors are then analyzed to detect anomalies.

Ubiquitous Network Architecture
Ubiquitous Network Architecture

That’s all for this article. Hope this was helpful and you enjoyed reading !!

Thanks for visiting 🙂

Up Next  –  Part 5 : A walk through Internet of Things (IoT) basics.

Stay tuned !!

IoT Security Event

iot security event

Although it has been with us in some form or the other, disguised by different names for many years, the Internet of Things (IoT) has all of a sudden become The THING !

With the increasing ability to connect, communicate with and remotely manage millions of networked and autonomous devices via the Internet (network of networks), the Internet of Things is becoming widely popular and favorable.

Embedded, networked sensors and actuators are everywhere. They are in engines, monitoring combustion and performance. They are in our shoes and on our wrists, helping us exercise enough and measuring our sleep. They are in our phones, our homes, hospitals, offices, ovens, planes, trains, and automobiles. Their streams of data will improve industry, energy consumption, agriculture, business, and our health. Software processes these streams to provide real-time analytics, insights, and notifications, as well as control and actuate the physical world.

The emerging Internet of Things has tremendous potential, but also tremendous dangers. As we have seen with the Internet worm infecting the first networked computers in 1988, Nimda in 2001, and SQL injection attacks since the late 2000s, new applications and software present tremendous security threats. New systems and protocols, developed quickly and through grassroots efforts, do not foresee these threats, with the result that it takes decades to react and make these systems secure. For the Internet of Things, this danger is even more acute due to scale and interaction with the physical world. Internet threats today steal credit cards. Internet threats tomorrow will disable home security systems, flood fields, and disrupt hospitals.

Keeping this in mind INFORMA PLC is organizing the IoT Security Event where the Threats to IoT will be widely portrayed by re-known industry experts.

Why is this event one of a kind and why you should attend this event – 

    • Dedicated event – The only event dedicated to the most crucial security and privacy issues and concerns surrounding IoT.
    • Trends and innovations – Showcasing the latest technology trends and innovations from cutting edge vendors, startups and solution providers making up the future IoT ecosystem.
    • Senior Level Keynotes – Bringing together government representatives; industrial organizations, cutting edge enterprises and leading service providers addressing the significant opportunities and crucial challenges from IoT Security.
    • Free for CIOs/ CSOs – Selected CIOs & CSOs from relevant organizations may attend the conference free of charge.
    • Largest IoT event – Drawing on the huge success of the Worlds’ Largest Independent IoT event in the heart of Silicon Valley.
    • Discover New Business Opportunities – With our enhanced networking opportunities whether you take part in our dedicated speed networking sessions and pre-meeting service or attend our networking drinks, this event guarantees a platform for you to meet and Network with your peers from across the IoT industry.
    • IoT Experts at our IoT Security’s Learning Lab & Analyst Roundtable Breakfasts – Our Learning Labs bring leading innovators & experts together to discuss and debate hypothetical, but specific security challenges, hacks and pain points.  AND … Pose a question to the IoT Experts at our Analyst Roundtable Networking Breakfasts which provide a unique opportunity for you to post those burning questions to the leading IoT analysts in this popular and informal networking opportunity.
    • Comprehensive conference – Boasting the most comprehensive conference program addressing key IoT security & privacy issues such as data interception, secure devices, data protection, prevention and risks of threats and legal issues.

Visit this link to see the list of speakers of the event.

Here is an attached Agenda of the event.

Need some more information !! wondering how to be a part of this event !! Visit IoT Security Event website to find out more about the event.

Stay tuned !! More information coming up soon 🙂

Part 3 : A walk through Internet of Things (IoT) basics.

Topics covered :

  • Devices that make IoT
  • IoT Technologies


When it comes to devices of the IoT, most of us wonder, are smartphones, tablets IoT devices! Well –

  • Smart phones and tablets have sensors, accelerometer, gyroscope etc.
  • Are embedded devices with displays and keypad
  • Can be connected to the internet
  • Has IP address

In a way fits every requirement of IoT devices !!

So, can we call smartphones or tablets as IoT devices ?

This doubt was clarified at a keynote event during Sept 2011’s Mobile World Congress in Barcelona by Qualcomm Chairman and CEO Dr. Paul Jacobs.

Paul Jacobs talked about how mobile technology could be used to connect non‐phone, non‐tablet devices called IoT devices and objects to the Internet. In the future where everything is going to be Web‐connected, mobile phones will serve as the hub, or the remote control, for Internet of Things.

So IoT is internet connectivity of smart objects and embedded system other than mobile phones which can be connected with external hardware and Mobiles, Tablets, Laptops and PCs are remote control/access center of IoT.

Let’s have a look, how –

Today, smartphones or tablets are equipped with sensors which data from anything from location to the device orientation to light conditions. Altogether, these sensors produce a huge amount of data, both in unstructured form (picture or videos) as well as structured, such as GPS or acceleration data. With the rise of the wearables, smartphones increasingly have an additional role. This new role can be considered as the ‘brain’ of your Body Area Network (BAN), given the storage and communication capabilities of the smart phone. Last but not least with technologies such as Near Field Communications (NFC)​, smart phones can function not only as sensors but also as actuators, that is, trigger actions (such as payments) or control other things,including home, parking slots, cars and many more.

Next, Smart Devices –

With IoT, we also get to hear a lot about Smart Devices. What are these Smart Devices – Lets look into the definition –

“A Smart Object is an object that can describe its own possible interactions.”


According to wikipedia – “A smart device is an electronic device, generally connected to other devices or networks via different wireless protocols such as Bluetooth, NFC, WiFi, 3G, etc., that can operate to some extent interactively and autonomously.

Any device which not only has a state but also has certain data associated with that state and can also determine the nature of connectivity, duration of connectivity and connectivity protocol are called smart objects. Some of the smart devices are smartphones, tablets, smartwatches, smart bands and smart key chains. The term smart device can also refer to a ubiquitous computing device: a device that exhibits some properties of ubiquitous computing.

Characteristics of smart devices :

  • A set of system hardware & software ICT (Information and Communication Technology) resources. This set is usually static fixed at design time.
  • Dynamic component-oriented resource extensions & plug-ins (Plug and Play) of some hardware resources.
  • Remote external service access and execution.
  • Local, internal autonomous service execution.
  • Access to specific external environments: human interaction, physical world interaction and distributed ICT / virtual computing interaction.
  • Ubiquitous computing properties.

Ubiquitous Computing Properties :

  • Devices need to be networked, distributed and transparently accessible.
  • Human – computer interaction with devices is hidden to a degree from its users.
  • Devices exhibit Context awareness of an environment in order to optimise their operation in that environment.
IoT devices and technology - classified
IoT devices and technology – classified

(Image source :


Now, lets have an understanding of various Technologies of IoT.

RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) :

  • RFID chip holds information about the ‘thing’
  • RFID chip is attached and transfers data to the reader.
  • Antenna on the RFID module is used to receive energy that is used to operate the RFID device and transmit information back to the reader.
  • RFID enables efficient management, tracking, and monitoring processes – Logistics and supply chain applications.

WSN (Wireless Sensor Networks) :

  • Efficient, low cost, low power devices for use in remote sensing applications.
  • Low power integrated circuits and wireless communications.
  • A large number of intelligent sensors collect raw data, and create valuable services by processing, analyzing, and spreading data.
  • Challenges are related to limited processing capability and storage, and sensor data sharing for multiple device/system cooperation.

IoT Cloud Computing Support :

  • For Advanced IoT services, IoT networks may need to collect, analyze, and process segments of raw data and turn it in into operational control information.
  • Advanced IoT services will need support of cloud computing.
  • Numerous IoT connections will be made to various devices and sensors.
  • Many IoT devices will not have (PC or smartphone level) sufficient data processing capability or interoperability functionality.

Cloud Computing :

  • IoT applications will need support from a reliable, fast, and agile computing platform.
  • IoT devices can overcome lack of Software, Firmware, Memory Storage, Hardware, Data Processing capability through Cloud computing.
  • Cloud service models –
  • SaaS (Software as a Service)
  • PaaS (Platform as a Service)
  • IaaS (Infrastructure as a Service)

That’s all for this article. Hope this was helpful !

Thanks a lot for reading 🙂

Up Next – Part 4 : A walk through Internet of Things (IoT) basics.

Stay Tuned !!